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Fisheries is an important sector in India--it provides...

employment to millions of people and contributes to food security of the country. With a coastline of over 8,000 km, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of over 2 million sq km,


India's aquaculture production can be classified into freshwater and brackishwater production. Freshwater aquaculture production contributes nearly 55 per cent of the total fish production in India. There are 429 Fish Farmers Development Agencies (FFDA) and 39 Brackishwater Fish Farmers Development Agencies (BFDAs) for promoting freshwater and coastal aquaculture. Some of the important species cultured in India are:- Indian major carps and shrimp. Besides these ornamental fish culture and seaweed farming, are slowly gaining importance in the last few years.

Legal framework:

FAO's National Aquaculture Legislation Overview for India

ICSF resources:

Declaration made at the Workshop on "Small indigenous freshwater fish species: Their role in poverty alleviation, food security and conservation of biodiversity", 23-25 February 2010, Kolkata, India.


Useful resources:

Aquaculture Statistics:

  • Government of India. 2007. Handbook of fisheries statistics 2006. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture. New Delhi.

Species cultured:




  • Aquaculture Authority News
  • Ahuja, Ashish.A. The regulation of the blue revolution. - Report of the study on the impact of the aquaculture industry on the local communities of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Alagarswami. 1993. Environmental assessment and management of aquaculture development in India. Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture, Chennai.
  • Aquaculture authority of India. 2001. Shrimp aquaculture and the environment: An environment impact assessment report submitted to the Supreme Court of India.
  • Bhagwati Environment Development Institute. 1994. A field report on prawn farming in Nagai Quaid-e-Milleth District, Tamil Nadu. Bhagwati Environment Development Institute.
  • Bhat, Mahadev. G. and Ramachandra Bhatta. Considering aquacultural externality in coastal land allocation in India. Environmental and Resource Economics, The Netherlands, 2004.
  • Bhatta, Ramachandra; S. Ayyapan; Kuladeep Kumar and H.K. De. 2004. Socioeconomic analysis of carp farming in Karnataka, India. AFSIB, Bhubaneswar.
  • Felsing, Malene, Graham Haylor, Anna Lawrence, and Pat Norrish. 2000. Reaching the rural poor: developing a strategy for the promotion and dissemination of participatory aquaculture research: a case study from Eastern India. Journal of Extension Systems.
  • Jena, JK.; P.C. Das; BK. Das; BC Mohapatra; N. Sarangi; M.J Modayil; K.K. Vass; P. Ravichandran and S. Ayyappan. 2005. Aquaculture technologies for farmers. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. 104p.
  • Kurien, John. 1997. State and shrimp: A preliminary analysis of the economic and ecological consequences of India's fishery policies. Prepared for the FAO Technical Consultation on Policies for Sustainable Shrimp Aquaculture, Bangok, December 8-11, 1997.
  • Muralidharan, CM and C. Udayashankar. 1995. Shrimp farming boom- Effect on the coastal poor and their environment. Proceedings of the National Conference on Sustainable Aquaculture, Madras, 5-6 April 1995.
  • Pattanaik. P.K.2002. Shrimp aquaculture- policy perspectivs and future thrust. Expert consultation on development of sustainable shrimp farming in India, Chennai, 28-29 August 2002. Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
  • Peoples Union for Civil Liberties. Report of the fact finding study on the status and impact of shrimp aquaculture industry in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Kerala and Pondicherry.
  • Pillai, S.M; L. Krishna; N. Venugopal and C.S. Sasidharan. 2002. Traditional system of brackishwater aquaculture of Kerala. Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture. Chennai. CIBA Bulletin No. 14.
  • Rajagopal. A. 1997. Impact of coastal aquaculture on local economy and environment: the case of Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Sharma, Arpita; Rajiv Prasad and K. Pani. 2006. Ergonomics, gender and aquaculture. World Aquaculture.11-17pp.
  • Sharma, Ashok; R. Sugathan, and J. John. 1993. Chilika Banchao: Save Chilika. Update Collective, New Delhi.
  • Suresh, H; A.G. K. Menon; A. Srinivasan, V. Karuppan, and K. Dakshinamoorthy. Expert committee report on impact of shrimp farms along the coast of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry.
  • Vivekanandan, V. and John Kurien. 1997. Socio-economic and political dimensions of shrimp culture development in India: The case of Andhra Pradesh. Presented at Second International Symposium on Sustainable Aquaculture, Oslo, November 2-5, 1997.